In 1959, physicist Richard Feynman spoke of the possibility of using precision machines to manipulate atoms and molecules. Today, nanotechnology has become one of many industries that promise to revolutionize the future. It has a large number of applications from the development of technology to atomic levels. Its uses in medicine to the discovery of new materials, such as grapheme the discovery of which made Russian scientists Andre Geim and Konstantin won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2010.

An X-ray laser beam

X-ray films

Carlos Hernandez a professor at the University of Salamanca and a member of the Research Group on Laser and Photonic Applications is responsible for the project on ultrafast nanotechnology, based on creating very peculiar lasers. We have been able to create an X-ray laser beam. Thanks to the X-ray laser and its pulses, we can make ultra-fast ‘films’, such as a chemical reaction, and take observations at infinitely minor scales.

This ray, in addition, is emitted in pulses of attoseconds a measurement that corresponds to a trillionth of seconds. To make a clear simile an attosecond is to a second what a second is to the age of the Universe reflects Dr. Hernandez. Thanks to the X-ray laser and its short pulses, we can make ultra-fast movies such as a chemical reaction, and by capturing ultra fast images of these fast processes. We can make observations and control at scales of Time infinitely small concludes the researcher.

However, in what fields could this technology be applied in today’s computers or mobiles, we base the control of the electrons in nanoseconds. If we were able to control the attoseconds, what kind of device would we generate? I think there is a great deal of interest in developing this kind of technology for example we are beginning to investigate how to reproduce photosynthesis artificially. If we could observe the chemical reactions that occur during that process, we could use that knowledge and apply it to the fields of energy storage or solar energy.

The capsule will consist of a polymer cover and a biomimetic cover, which will be based on the mesenchymal cells or stem cells so that it will be able to create a modular system, a capsule that works like a doll. So the immune system does not reject them says the doctor. If the project works and if we confirm that, the capsule remains active within the body. We will begin to test it in animal models that simulate the stroke in a human being.